Tag Archives: BMW Motorrad

Is BMW chasing a supercharged future?

BMW Motorrad has filed a patent for a supercharger with a drawing of an S 1000 RR (above) which could challenge the supercharged Kawasaki H2R as the fastest and most powerful motorcycle in the world.

Bimota and Hesketh have also launched supercharged models in recent years and Honda is rumoured to be working on a similar project.

Hesketh introducing a Valiant Supercharger supercharged
Hesketh Valiant Supercharger

Meanwhile, Yamaha has filed a patent for a turbo and Suzuki has been considering turbocharging for several years with its Incursion concept.

Suzuki Recursion with turbocharging
Suzuki Recursion

This industry move toward forced induction is not just about setting power records, but also meeting the coming tougher emissions laws.

Now BMW has joined the charge toward cleaner and more efficient forced induction with a supercharger with an electric compressor to free air into the combustion chamber via an intercooler.

Turbo or supercharged?

blown turbo supercharged
1980s Honda CX 650TC Turbo

In the 1980s, several manufacturers played with temperamental turbo technology, but it was a difficult to control the light-switch power delivery so they had a short life.

However, modern turbos are more efficient, lighter, smaller and more reliable.

While a turbo takes its power from the exhaust gases, superchargers that power from the crankshaft.

Kawasaki H2 paint supercgarged
Supercharged Kawasaki H2R

There are advantages and disadvantages in these two technologies.

Turbochargers are quieter, smaller, more efficient, but also more complex.

Superchargers can deliver their boost at lower revs than a turbocharger and are more reliable and easier to maintain. However, they are harder on the engine.

It will be interesting to see which way the industry goes in coming years on forced induction.

Source: MotorbikeWriter.com

Why Has BMW Built A Self-Driving Motorcycle?

(Contributed post by Steve Charli) 

With artificial intelligence and self-driving cars dominating the automotive industry, one can’t help but wonder if there’s any technology that’s similar in the motorcycle industry. And to my delight, I’ve found that BMW has already made something similar. 

CES 2019, Las Vegas.

Cue BMW engineer Stephan Hans, as he steps off the new BMW R1200GS.

He gives it a gentle nudge, and the R1200GS proceeds to speed off, looping around the parking lot. 

The audience is intrigued. 

The bike handles the loops the way a human biker would, leaning into the turn.

The motorcycle ends this spectacle by rolling to a calculated stop right in front of its engineer.

Hans sets the kickstand like a writer punctuating the end of a sentence. It is an exclamation point.

Self-riding BMW technology Connectride
Self-riding BMW prototype (Image: BMW Motorrad)

If you think that the idea of a fully-automated motorcycle seems strange, you’re not alone in that thought. I share the sentiments. While the reasons that a person would grow a love for motorcycles vary, one of those reasons will always be the thrill of the ride. It is an experience that is unique to motorcycles and to have self-driving motorcycles is anathema to that joy.

But even as this would seem like nothing more than a really cool party trick, there lies a necessity in creating a self-driving motorcycle, and it’s not with the intention of replacing human riders as was initially assumed.

The wisdom behind building a self-driving motorcycle is to enable the motorcycle to take necessary corrective measures that are going to help put a rider back on track. This is based on the rationale that motorcycles are less stable than cars. After all, if most modern cars have driving assistive technologies, wouldn’t these technologies have a more significant effect on motorcycles?

This is especially true when you consider that unlike cars that have extra external protection, motorcycles are built to be light and compact, and therefore do not enjoy the same level of protection. This means that motorcycle riders have a higher risk of sustaining injuries in the event that they find themselves in an accident. 

Besides human error, the loss of control — even momentarily — is the leading cause of accidents. Add the fact that like bicycles, motorcycles are also difficult to see according to this site cohenjaffe.com/accident-lawyer/types-of-accidents/bicycle-accidents/.

This is the rationale upon which the development of the R 1200 GS was built. In the moments where a rider may lapse in judgment, whether because of a lack of experience or because they simply made an error, the self-driving motorcycle can step in subtly. 

This can be in the form of a slight adjustment to steering in order to navigate a turn better, or the prompt applying of brakes, or automatic stabilization when the motorcycle senses that the rider is off-balance. 

This direction makes so much sense, especially in an age where car manufacturers seem to cram as many safety features as they can into every new  model. We definitely have the technology, all we need now is the intention. And with the development of the R1200GS, it would seem that motorcycles are about to get much more secure and beginner-friendly.

Source: MotorbikeWriter.com

Chinese BMW adventure bike knockoff

This BMW G 310 GS knockoff is the latest in a long line of Chinese products that rip off the design and logos of existing motorcycles.

In the past we have seen Chinese electric versions of the Honda Goldwing, China’s CFMoto 650TK which is very similar to Honda’s ST1300 and a Chinese brand called “Hongda” that made Honda lookalikes.

The Vietnamese are also in on the knockoff act with “Ducati” Monsters made by Quang Phuong Motor.

Knockoff Beemer

Now the Chinese Everest Kaiyue 400X has hit the domestic market with a stunning resemblance to the Indian-made BMW G 310 GS small-capacity adventure motorcycle.

This knockoff even has BMW red-white-and-blue paintwork and a GY logo that is too close to the GS badge to be an accident.

There is no response yet from BMW Motorrad on whether there will take action against the company.

Trademark action

However, iconic Italian scooter company Lambretta says it is taking “strict” action against companies “free riding on the repute of Lambretta”.

They claim the global market is flooded with replicas of their classic scooters from China, India and Thailand.

The Chinese seem immune to international trade laws that bind other countries and their latest blatant ripoff is an electric Honda Goldwing.

We all know the Chinese make cheap copies of well-known brands and many of us probably have a Gucci belt made of plastic in a sweatshop in China.

However, the Chinese have also made a lot of copies of bigger and more expensive products such as cars.

Some of the cars Chinese manufacturers have copied include the Range Rover Evoque, Smart ForTwo, Hummer, Porsche Cayman, Audi A6, Jeep Cherokee, BMW X1, Rolls-Royce Phantom and MINI Cooper.

Land Wind knockoff of the land Rover Evoque
Land Wind knockoff of the land Rover Evoque

Some car manufacturers tried to stop them copying their cars, but failed in an obstructive and partisan legal system, so they formed alliances with Chinese companies to make their products for the local market.

Several motorcycle manufacturers, including Honda and Yamaha, have tried to fight Chinese manufacturers in the courts over breach of copyright, but it is a long process as there are hundreds of knockoff manufacturers.

So, like the car makers, Honda has formed an allegiance with one of the knockoff Chinese companies to make their bikes for the local market.

Source: MotorbikeWriter.com

BMW Motorrad teams up with Sena Bluetooth

BMW Motorrad has now teamed up with Sena Bluetooth to provide special a “Fit-for-All” helmet two-way intercom system that can be extended up to six people.

Basically it’s a Sena 10 series intercom with a BMW badge and probably a “BMW price”!

We asked BMW Motorrad Australia how much they cost and when they would be available. We are still awaiting a reply, but the standard Sena 10S costs about $250.

BMW teams up with Sena Bluetooth
BMW Fit-for-All intercom

BMW has slapped its blue roundel logo on previous collaborations including Navigator GPS units which are Garmin Zumos and BMW 2-in-1 gloves which are Held Air-n-Dry gloves.

The Sena 10S is the simple, bargain version which is easy to operate and very reliable.

BMW Motorrad also has a Bike-to-Bike communication module that extends the basic Fit-for-All intercom from two-person communication to up to six riders and range to 300m.

BMW teams up with Sena Bluetooth
BMW Bike-to-Bike communication

That means that when used in a group the front rider can still communicate wth the rear rider up to 2km in “optimum conditions”.

Riders can choose between a private and the six-member public mode using a free app.

The UV-resistant and weatherproof communication system uses only three buttons to handle most functions.

It has eight hours of battery life and can also receive and make phone calls, provide GPS spoken directions and play music from a Bluetooth device.

Source: MotorbikeWriter.com

Kawasaki working on hybrid motorcycle

Kawasaki has applied for a patent for a hybrid motorcycle which is like a two-wheeled version of the hybrid Toyota Prius and Chevrolet Volt.

The Kawasaki patent application was originally filed with Japan’s patent office in December 2017 and again a year later in the US Patent Office.

Details have only now come to light that describe a motorcycle equipped with an electric motor and internal combustion engine.

Hybrid tech

The Japanese manufacturer is not alone with plans for hybrid technology as a step toward a full-electric future.

Honda has a hybrid PCX 125cc scooter that gets an electric boost from the ACG starter motor powered by a new 48V high-output lithium ion battery.

Honda PCX Hybrid scooter battery swap
PCX Hybrid

BMW also recently filed an application for a hybrid-drive motorcycle with a removable battery in the “fuel” tank.

Other hybrid examples are the TVS Zeppelin hybrid concept and the American Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency’s stealth off-road motorcycle powered by a petrol engine and an electric motor.

Hybrid motorcycle

Kawasaki’s hybrid system is a mixture of the Toyota and Chevrolet car hybrid systems.

The Toyota Prius uses the electric motor and internal combustion engine to drive the wheels together and separately.

Chevy’s Volt electric motor provides all the driving power while the gas engine simply acts as a range extender by charging the battery.

The Kawasaki hybrid system works both ways.Kawasaki hybrid motorcycle patent drawings

While cars can accommodate an engine and motors, it is more difficult in motorcycles because they are much smaller.

Kawasaki’s patent shows a compact single unit that houses the AC electric motor, combustion as well as the transmission.

The battery is above the engine like the fuel tank on a conventional motorcycle, while the tank can be mounted on the side of the seat or outside the frame beside the battery.

In both cases it sits on the left side of the motorcycle and is balanced by a coolant tank on the right side.

Source: MotorbikeWriter.com

Demand creates delays for BMW S 1000 RR

Supplies of the new BMW S 1000 RR have been substantially delayed thanks to a high demand for the company’s first high-performance M package.

The third generation gets a revamped engine and suspension for 2019, with more power, more technology, but less flab.

Power has been increased by 6kW (8 hp) to 152kW (207hp) and weight has been reduced from 208kg to 197kg (193.5kg with M Package).

And for the first time, BMW Motorrad offers M options and M Performance Parts for the new S 1000 RR. 

The M package includes motorsport paint, carbon fibre wheels, lightweight battery, M Chassis Kit with rear ride height adjustment and swingarm pivot, sport seat and Pro Mode.

M gear has been available for BMW cars for years, but this is the first time it has been offered on a motorcycle.

BMW S 1000 RR with M package
BMW S 1000 RR with M package

S 1000 RR M package demand

BMW Motorrad Australia spokeswoman Leanne Blanckenberg says the “strong global demand for the S 1000 RR with the M package” has resulted in a delay in supply of the standard S 1000 RR.

“BMW Motorrad has had to adapt the originally planned production and delivery schedules from our suppliers,” she says.

The production planning adaptations to the new S 1000 RR to meet the market requirements for a high M package equipment quota result in a reduced volume for the market launch in June,” she says.

In addition, longer tool and system delivery times on the supplier side are currently reducing and regulating the output on the manufacturing side.

BMW Motorrad is working in the best possible way to eliminate the bottlenecks to counter delivery delays and meet the great demand for the S 1000 RR.”

It is also believed early production models had a crankcase problem that has now been fixed.

Incentives

In Europe, buyers who have paid a deposit and face long delays are being offered a loan bike while they wait or they can keep and continue to ride their trade-in bike at an agreed price until the S 1000 RR arrives.

Some dealers are also offering customers discounts and cash rebates on BMW rider gear or bike parts.

Leanne says BMW Motorrad Australia has not yet made any decisions on incentives.

Source: MotorbikeWriter.com

BMW Motorrad unveils Boxer electric

BMW Motorrad has suggested it could produce an electric motorcycle that looks like a traditional Boxer-powered bike.

The Bavarian company has had an electric scooter, the C-Evolution, for some time and has shown its Concept Link electric scooter and electric S 1000 RR concept called the eRR.

BMW eRR electric sports bike boxer
BMW eRR electric sports bike

But now they are suggesting that they could have a more traditionally designed motorcycle when they finally go electric.

Now that have unveiled their BMW Motorrad Vision DC Roadster with a boxer-styled powerplant.BMW Motorrad Vision DC Roadster electric boxer

It’s not necessarily going to make it into production, but it does show that BMW is thinking about how an electric motorcycle would look.

Here is their press release in full so you can decide what they plan:

“The boxer engine is the heart of BMW Motorrad – an absolute stalwart of its character. But BMW Motorrad stands for visionary zero-emissions vehicle concepts, too. In view of this, one question that arises is: what would happen if we were to replace the boxer engine with an electric motor and the required battery? The Vision Bike shows how we’re able to retain the identity and iconic appearance of BMW Motorrad in distinctive form while at the same time presenting an exciting new type of riding pleasure,” explains Edgar Heinrich, Head of Design BMW Motorrad. “After all: anyone who’s ever tried it out in practice knows very well that riding on two wheels is just as exciting when its electrically powered! The high level of torque right at set-off makes for breath-taking acceleration. This almost brutal power delivery creates a whole new experience of dynamic performance. And the BMW Motorrad Vision DC Roadster puts a face to this experience.”

New drive, familiar appearanceBMW Motorrad Vision DC Roadster electric boxer

In a motorcycle, the motor is the centrepiece – it is the fundamental element, providing the basis for the entire architecture. But electrical drive components have completely different requirements in terms of installation space. While in a conventional motorbike the size of the engine is mainly determined by its capacity, it is the battery that takes up most space in the case of an electrically powered vehicle. The electric motor itself is relatively compact. Starting from this new basis, the BMW Motorrad Vision DC Roadster is able to make this transfer – retaining the iconic appearance of a boxer while filling it with a new function. This is why the Vision Bike is instantly recognisable as a BMW motorcycle, revealing its electric nature on closer inspection.

Replacing what would previously have been the engine, there is now a vertically fitted, longitudinally oriented battery. For cooling purposes, two side elements protrude with cooling ribs and integrated ventilators. As in the boxer engine of the BMW R 32 – the development of which was masterminded by Max Friz in 1923 – the cooling elements are placed in the air stream.

The cylinder-shaped electric motor is positioned underneath the battery and is directly connected to the universal shaft. The BMW Motorrad Vision DC Roadster thus demonstrates a clever drive architecture that visually echoes the history of BMW Motorrad while at the same time taking it a step further.

Dynamic performance reflected in the proportionsBMW Motorrad Vision DC Roadster electric boxer

In the side view, the BMW Motorrad Vision DC Roadster presents a highly dynamic gesture with clear front-wheel orientation. The low front section and the short, high rear convey a sense of agility. Instead of the fuel tank, a flat, finely- wrought tubular structure spans the vehicle corpus. Its further shaping integrates the seat in a modern form, thereby creating the flyline of a sporty roadster. The frame structure is a key factor in defining the dynamic side view.

The large battery with its laterally protruding cooling systems is positioned at the centre of a frame milled from aluminium. The three-dimensional surface finish on the battery trim conveys a contemporary aesthetic appeal with its precise contours. The cooling elements echo the slight forward tilt of the battery silhouette, giving the side a dynamic momentum. When starting the electric motor, these cooling elements move out slightly, indicating that the bike is ready to go.BMW Motorrad Vision DC Roadster electric boxer

High performance with a light touch.

The overall appearance of the BMW Motorrad Vision DC conveys a sense of lightness so as to emphasise driving dynamics. Elements such as the seat and the cooling system appear to hover around the battery. On the frame itself, lengthwise milled grooves create a fascinating visual effect, reducing the perceived volume and highlighting the bike’s longitudinal dynamics. This impression is further underscored by means of openings in the milled aluminium frame and the tubular frame structure arranged above it. High-tech materials such as carbon fibre and aluminium reduce the overall weight and give the
BMW Motorrad Vision DC Roadster a technical aesthetic. Meanwhile, red contrast elements and brushed aluminium at selected points such as the battery, frame and cool systems emphasise the bike’s innovative geometry.BMW Motorrad Vision DC Roadster electric boxer

High-quality details on closer inspection.

A key element of the BMW Motorrad Vision DC Roadster’s captivating overall appeal is the elaborate finish to be found in all its details. Within the mainly dark colour concept, it is the mechanical elements such as the exposed universal shaft and the Duolever fork that add striking accentuations. In this case, the two classic BMW features are re-interpreted and elaborately showcased. In the same way, the suggested triangular frame echoes a typical feature of earlier BMW motorcycle models, even recapturing its white lines, which in this instance fluoresce in the dark.BMW Motorrad Vision DC Roadster electric boxer

The minimalist design of the front and rear lights is an iconic implementation of the hallmark BMW Motorrad lighting, reflecting maximum reduction in modern style. The headlamp shows the LED daytime riding light in a dynamic, flat U shape, while two compact LED lenses on each side provide the low and high beam. This creates a hallmark lighting design that makes the concept vehicle instantly recognisable as a BMW motorcycle – both during the day and at night. The rear light consists of two C-shaped LED elements which are integrated in the aluminium rear carrier in minimalist, technically high-quality form. On the flanks of the tires exclusively made by Metzeler for the Vision Bike, five fluorescent elements, each about the size of a postage stamp, are integrated. They combine innovative design with safety aspects: standing and moving, the lighting elements create an exciting graphic effect. In darkness, they increase the visibility from the side, thus providing more security. They also convey dynamics when in motion.BMW Motorrad Vision DC Roadster electric boxer

Smart rider equipment

The functional two-piece suit is not instantly recognisable as protective clothing: it is an outfit that primarily stands as a modern, emotional fashion statement. The light jacket with large graphics in iridescent colouring and the casually styled black trousers combine fashion sense with new functionalities. The protectors are sewn in almost invisibly, while integrated technologies enable various light functions as well as the digital connectivity of the future. An asymmetrical rucksack vest rounds off the rider equipment for the vision vehicle. Fixed to the jacket by means of magnets, it provides storage space and additional functionality. The permanent magnets means that the rucksack is quick to put on and take off.BMW Motorrad Vision DC Roadster electric boxer

Symbol of a new generation

The BMW Motorrad Vision DC Roadster is a visionary symbol of the future of BMW Motorrad with alternative drive forms. It showcases the electrically powered driving experience in honest, authentic form, in particular creating a new, distinctive aesthetic appeal that is still firmly rooted in the finest BMW tradition.

Source: MotorbikeWriter.com

BMW riders still wait on SOS call

Australian riders will have to wait for possibly life-saving motorcycle SOS functions as Telstra does not yet have the right hardware.

Last year, BMW offered the SOS button either as as an ex-factory or aftermarket option on their K1600 models.

However, it is not available in Australia because of an eCall hardware update and the lack of a nationwide rollout.

A BMW Motorrad Australia spokeswoman said the company is “currently working on updating the function with new hardware that will be rolled out globally”.  

“Several countries, including Australia, are currently under evaluation for the rollout using the new hardware,” she says.

“We are analysing and evaluating the local conditions, technical requirements and various partnerships who need to be involved for this emergency feature. 

“We don’t yet have a confirmed date when SOS emergency button will be effective as it’s not only relying on BMW technology but the business chain of services required from third party organisations.”

SOS button

BMW's SOS button
BMW’s SOS button

SOS buttons or eCall systems have been available in cars for some time and have now been mandated throughout Europe.

It is expected it may be mandated on motorcycles in the future.

The button alerts the emergency services and provides GPS co-ordinates of the rider’s position.

It is also connected to various sensors on the bike to detect whether the rider has crashed.

In that case, the button will activate automatically without having to push it.

That’s a great safety feature for solo riders who may spear off the road into the bush and not be found for some time.

However, if you have a small shunt and the sensors recognise you have crashed, the system waits 25 seconds so the rider can cancel before the SOS call is made.

Emergency first-aid apps
Emergency+ first-aid app

The button can also be used to alert emergency services of other serious situations such as another vehicle crash, bushfire or other emergency.

It includes a small speaker and microphone near the button to talk to the call centre and explain the type of emergency and what assistance is needed.

Civil libertarians may be horrified by fears that a BMW call centre is able to track their every movement.

However, some riders might believe the safety features outweigh those concerns.

Source: MotorbikeWriter.com

BMW Motorrad serious about hybrid drive

BMW Motorrad seems pretty serious about building a two-wheeled version of the hybrid Toyota Prius with yet another patent filing for hybrid drive.

Their latest patent filing shows the hybrid-drive battery for the electric motor located in the fuel tank.two=whee-drive patent serious

While that would sacrifice fuel range, the hybrid drive system would make up for some of the range.

It also appears the battery may be removable so you can make full use of the tank’s full capacity.

In 2017, BMW filed these simplistic hybrid patent drawings with the German patent office, although they were not released until February this year.Hybrid drive serious

These two patent filings would make the motorcycle a two-wheeled version of the hybrid Toyota Prius which is powered by both an electric motor and a conventional fuel-powered engine.

The first filing was for an electric motor and boxer engine both delivering power to the rear wheel.

Hybrid drive serious
Hybrid drive patent drawing

They would be connected by a planetary gear system with a torque-limiting slip clutch on the electric motor driving the crank.

The electric motor would also function as a starter motor and generator, converting mechanical power from the boxer engine into electricity.

Being a hybrid-drive system, BMW could reduce the size of the boxer engine and appease stringent Euro 5 emissions targets due in 2020.

Serious pranksters

On April Fool’s Day, 2017, BMW announced a two-wheel-drive version of its R 1200 GS Adventure.

They called it xDrive Hybrid, but it was for a two-wheel-drive motorcycle, not a hybrid-powered bike.

At the time, BMW Motorrad Australia GM Andreas Lundgren said there was a “very thin border between fact and fiction in their pranks … the concept is plausible”.

The Bavarian jokesters are famous for their April Fool’s Day jokes, having begun running spoof advertisements on April 1 in the early 1980s.

BMW’s marketing department says April Fool jokes are “designed to teeter on the verge of credibility” and often focus on a new and revolutionary piece of technology, but “push the idea just beyond the plausible.”

Some of their other April 1 pranks were a self-cleaning car, remote-inflatable tyres, dog-repellent bumpers, tyres that melted snow and a self-driving car that follows you when you go for a jog.

However, BMW may still be serious about a two-wheel-drive adventure motorcycle in the future.

There have been several other two-wheel-drive motorcycles before, most notably Yamaha’s 2WD system called 2-TRAC. They used it to tackle the Dakar Rally but it never made it into mass production.

The idea is not dead yet with Yamaha, either. Their PES2 electric bike is 2WD and the Japanese company has filed a patent for a new 2WD system with an electric motor driving the front wheel.

Other 2WD products and concepts include the Christini dirt bikes, Suzuki Nuda concept, Rokon, Ural 2WD outfits and Australia’s own Drysdale stroker which was intended for the Australian Army.

But the biggest hint that BMW may actually be considering a 2WD bike comes from BMW accessories company Wunderlich

In 2016, they developed an electronic two-wheel-drive system for the R 1200 GS that also gives it a reverse gear.

The Wunderlich invention is basically a 7.6kW electric hub motor in the front wheel that neatly fits inside the ABS ring.

It sounds very similar to what BMW proposed in their 2017 April 1 press release and their patent filings.

Source: MotorbikeWriter.com

Facebook patents robotic electric ‘motorcycle’

Facebook has applied for a patent for what they call a robotic self-balancing electric motorcycle, although it looks more like a mobility skateboard than a motorcycle.

However, that doesn’t mean that the company won’t move into the motorcycle industry at some later stage.

After all, most electric motorcycle companies are basically technology start-ups, not traditional motorcycle companies which are dragging the chain on electric bikes.

The Facebook patent is for the gyroscopic drive system and the machine does not yet have any steering mechanism or body.

Robotic  bikes

Honda's self-balancing motorcycle - short season damon last
Honda’s self-balancing motorcycle

However, Facebook is not the first to consider self-riding motorcycles.

Honda, Yamaha and BMW Motorrad have also developed self-balancing robotic motorcycle prototypes.

While many riders are horrified by the prospect of self-riding motorcycles, there could be a use for them in the courier and delivery industries.

The robotic bikes are also being used to test interaction with self-driving vehicles without endangering the lives of test riders.

Facebook patent

Facebook robotic electric motorcycle
Facebook robotic electric motorcycle patent drawing

The Facebook device has small wheels that can turn 360 degrees, so it wouldn’t be suitable for road speeds.

However, it could be useful for helping couriers or fast food deliverers to operate in an urban environment.

The patent application says: “The control loop stabiliser may include sensors for detecting balancing input. The balancing input may include information indicative of the linear velocity and angular velocity of the robotic motorcycle, the linear velocity and angular velocity of each wheel, and/or the orientation of each wheel.”

The technology could also underpin future electric two-wheelers.

It features two electric motors that belt drive the wheels, so it’s two-wheel-drive and two-wheel-steer.

Since it’s a Facebook product, it will probably also track where you go!

  • What do you think of the development of self-riding motorcycles and scooters? Leave your comments below. 

Source: MotorbikeWriter.com